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Mohammed Nafa'a

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  • Страна местожительства: Palestine
  • Пол: Male
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  • key_age: 82
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Muhammad Naffa (Hebrew: מוחמד נפאע) (May 14, 1940 - July 15, 2021) was a Palestinian writer and politician and a former Knesset member for the Israeli Communist Party on the list of the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality. And the Secretary General of the party, he died on July 15, 2021, at the age of 82.


An activist for the two-state solution, ending the Israeli occupation and discrimination policy, and an opponent of the military service of the Druze in the Israeli army. He is considered one of the most prominent short story writers in the Palestinian literary scene. He began writing in 1964, and his stories have been translated into Russian, English, Hebrew, French, Spanish and German. He writes political articles in Al-Ittihad newspaper and in several Arab and international newspapers.


his life

Muhammad Naffa was born into a well-off middle-income family in the Galilee village of Beit Jinn, whose inhabitants belong to the Druze sect. He completed his secondary education at Al-Rama Secondary School, and then completed his education at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem after completing his bachelor's degree in Arabic and Hebrew literature. During his academic education, he worked in agriculture, and joined the Communist Youth until he held the position of Secretary General of the Israeli Communist Youth League from 1971 until his entry as a Knesset member by the Front in early 1990, replacing Knesset Member Tawfiq Ziad until the end of the Knesset session in June 1992. After that, he held the position of Secretary General of the Israeli Communist Party from 1993 until 2002, when he was replaced by former Knesset member Issam Makhoul.


In 2007, he was re-elected as Secretary General of the Israeli Communist Party, after Issam Makhoul announced that he would not run again.


In the elections for the eighteenth Knesset, he was placed in the one hundred and seventeenth place on the list of candidates for the Front Party, and in the elections for the nineteenth Knesset, he was again placed in a symbolic place on the list, in the one hundred and twenty and final place on the list.


Nafaa the writer

Naffa dealt with a lot of topics that are closely related to the earth, to the extent of his mystical love for the land, so his many stories as authentic and friendly revolve around this topic, and Naffa describes every atom in the soil to the point that it can be said that it is earthy.


Likewise, Naffa excelled in describing the Druze inhabitants of his village, Beit Jinn, describing their actions, beliefs, customs, traditions, and so on.


The language of Nafaa in the stories is characterized by being simple, rural and often local in its instinct and flow.


Naffa also mentions the tools used in the countryside, whether they are household or agricultural tools, and all of these tools are traditional.


In his stories, Naffa bears human dimensions. He is described as always standing by the oppressed and the oppressed and defending them. He always focuses on the struggle between the farmer and the power. At the end of his stories, we find him optimistic, calling for challenge and determination. All his leftist beliefs stem from his being an active member of the Communist Party. Nabih al-Qasim says that Nafaa did not enter the literary work until after he had practiced in the Communist Party.


He also dealt with the benefit of women in his writings, and the role of women was not limited to the girl, but rather to the mother and the wife, and the woman occupies a wide space in his literature. In all cases, her attitude was a reflection of the society in which the peasants lived. In addition, Naffa dealt with other topics related to family and sectarian intolerance, and other topics related to workers.


Nafaa and poetry

Naffa mentioned in an interview with him that he enjoys reading and tasting poetry, but his attempts to write poetry failed, which prompted him to write the short story, and he sees the short story as an expression of his own concerns.


His writings

"Asilah" (1975)

"Friendly" (1976),

"The North Wind" (1978)

Kushan (1980)

"Anfas Al-Jalil" (1998)

"The River Apple" (2011)




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