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Said Al-Husseini

Личная информация

  • Страна местожительства: Syria
  • Пол: Male
  • Born in: 1878
  • key_age: 145
  • Резюме :


Said al-Husayni (1878-1945), a Palestinian politician from Jerusalem, was the first foreign minister in Syria in the last days of King Faisal I's reign.

Saeed Al-Husseini was born in Jerusalem. He is the scion of an ancient Palestinian family. His great-grandfather, Hassan Effendi Al-Husseini, was the mufti of the city at the beginning of the nineteenth century. As for his father, Ahmed Rasim Al-Husseini, he worked in commerce and died in Jerusalem in 1899. Saeed Al-Husseini was the justice of the children of Mari Pasha the navigator. , the leader of Aleppo and its representative in the first Syrian conference, and his daughter, Alawiya al-Husseini, was married to the Palestinian writer and translator Isaac Musa al-Husseini.

Al-Husseini studied at the Alliance Jewish School, and due to his mastery of the Hebrew language, he was appointed head of the Jewish Newspapers Review Department in Palestine. From here, he got acquainted with all the dimensions of the Zionist project, and studied it in depth, in order to be able to fight it in all available ways, politically, economically, and intellectually. In 1905, Said al-Husayni was appointed mayor of Jerusalem, where he worked hard to fight Jewish immigration to Palestine and to prevent the sale of agricultural land to the Jewish Agency.

Political action in the time of the Ottomans
In September 1908, Saeed al-Husayni was elected as a representative of Jerusalem in the Council of the Two Envoys, where he transferred his battle against the Zionists to the Ottoman Legislative Council and demanded the enactment of laws protecting Arab lands and preventing their sale to any stranger. His mandate was renewed in April 1914 and upon the outbreak of the Great Arab Revolt, Al-Husseini sympathized with its leader, Sharif Hussein bin Ali, but he did not join its ranks except in the advanced stages, that is, before Damascus fell into the hands of the Allies in early October 1918.

Minister of Foreign Affairs in Syria
Saeed Al-Husseini went to Damascus with Sharif Hussein's forces and pledged allegiance to his son, Prince Faisal bin Al-Hussein, as an Arab ruler over Greater Syria. He decided to reside in Damascus, the capital of the new Arab state, and was elected as a representative for Jerusalem in the General Syrian Congress in 1919. He also participated in declaring Syria's independence from Ottoman rule and in the installation of Prince Faisal as king of the country on March 8, 1920. In the first government formed in the new era On March 9, 1920, Saeed al-Husseini was assigned to establish the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the government of Lieutenant General Rida al-Rikabi, and to establish diplomatic relations with all countries of the world, knowing that the Kingdom of Syria at that time did not have any embassy or consulate, neither in the Arab world nor in the West.

France refused to recognize the independence of Syria, and also refused to receive any delegate from Minister Al-Husseini to discuss bilateral relations, and all European countries followed suit. Saeed al-Husseini did not last long in his position. The al-Rikabi government resigned after less than two months on May 3, 1920, and the head of the Syrian Congress, Hashim al-Atassi, was appointed prime minister, who appointed Dr. Abd al-Rahman al-Shahbandar as foreign minister, to succeed Saeed al-Husseini.

After the fall of the Faisali era in Syria, during the Battle of Maysalun, Al-Husseini returned to Jerusalem and retired from political work. His only appearance was at the Islamic Conference held in Jerusalem in 1931, where he made an intervention on Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Saeed Al-Husseini died in Jerusalem at the age of 67 in 1945.



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