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Fouad Hamzeh

Personal Info

  • Country of residence: Saudi Arabia
  • Gender: Male
  • Born in: 1899
  • Age: 124
  • Curriculum vitae :


Fouad Hamza (Abayeh 1899-1952), whose name was Fouad bin Amin bin Ali Hamza, and he was also known as Fouad Bey Hamza, and he was nicknamed “Abu Samer.” He is a Lebanese-Saudi diplomat, writer and researcher who participated in the politics of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for more than a quarter of a century, from 1926 until his death.

His birth and upbringing
He was born in the village of Abey, one of the Lebanese villages in the Aley district of Mount Lebanon Governorate, in 1899, to a Druze family. He worked as a teacher and educator for generations in some public schools in Jerusalem and Damascus, and he was distinguished by his proficiency in the English language at that time, research and documentation.

An advisor to King Abdul Aziz and a documenter of the components of Saudi politics
Fouad Hamzah's abilities were commended by the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia when he was introduced to King Abdulaziz Al Saud by a man at the level of his country, Shukri Al-Quwatli, who later became President of Syria. He is the first ambassador to Saudi Arabia, then a minister of state, and he was appointed minister plenipotentiary in Paris and then Ankara, then he became an advisor to King Abdulaziz, and he made many trips and diplomatic missions, the most prominent of which was his travel to the European continent and the United States of America to introduce the policy and approach of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and participated in a conference chaired by King Abdulaziz Le Pen to negotiate with King Faisal of Iraq. He also undertook negotiations, formulated agreements, and assumed the burdens of special missions. He has a true picture of the personality of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud, and he has a close relationship with all the princes of the Saudi house, rulers of regions, and notables.

work and positions
3 Rajab 1345 AH: He worked as an assistant to the Director of Foreign Affairs, Abdullah Al-Damluji, in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. Researcher Qassim bin Khalaf Al-Ruwais believes that this is the first job that Fouad Hamza occupied after his arrival to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In Riyadh, and this information was conveyed by everyone who came after him. The truth is that the first job he occupied was that of the assistant director of foreign affairs, Abdullah Al-Damluji, in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, and his appointment there was according to a document published in his memoirs (vol. 2/540), which is a letter from King Abdul Aziz to Abdul God Damluji on 3 Rajab 1345 AH, that is, after his arrival in the Hijaz, about two weeks only. Fouad Hamza continued his work as an assistant to the Director of Foreign Affairs until Al-Damluji resigned in (1928 AD), so he handled the affairs of the Directorate.

26 Rajab 1349 AH: The Royal Order was issued to transfer the Directorate of Foreign Affairs to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and to assign the position of the Ministry to Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz in addition to the Public Prosecution, and to appoint Fouad Hamzah as Undersecretary of the Ministry. He continued as Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for about nine years.

1358 AH (1939 AD): A royal order was issued to establish a commission for the Kingdom in Paris and appoint him there as an extraordinary delegate and minister plenipotentiary. He went there and presented his credentials in exceptional circumstances, at the beginning of World War II, about two months ago.

1943 AD: An order was issued appointing him Minister Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary Delegate to the Republic of Turkey.

Jumada Al-Awwal 6, 1366 AH (March 28, 1947 AD): A royal decree was issued appointing His Excellency Fuad Bey Hamzah as Minister of State and assigning him to the Ministry of Finance for construction and urban works and investment companies.

His writings
Among his most important books he wrote:

The heart of Arabia.
Saudi Arabian country. The first edition in 1936 and the second edition in 1968.
in the country of Asir. The first edition in 1951, and the second edition in 1968.
The effects of the Arabian Peninsula before Islam. It is a manuscript book he wrote before his death.
His books were published after his death

1- Description of Kemalist Turkey (1943-1945):

This book is a result of his work in the Kingdom's commission in Ankara, where he recorded his observations and observations with precision and care and monitored them in this book, which remained in manuscript until his son Omar brought it out from the scenes of oblivion and it was published by Dar Al-Jadeed in 2013 AD.

2 - The memoirs, which Al-Zarkali referred to in Al-Alam, and they were recently published by the King Abdul Aziz House in 2016 AD. They are originally diaries, but after publication, large time gaps appeared in them.

His unpublished books

These are the works that he left in manuscript, some of which were drafts and some of which were incomplete:

Total about Ismailia and esoteric teams.
A message about Souk Okaz.
Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz: An incomplete draft.
Al-Yamani-Madhariya: History of the Arabs before Islam.
Tyranny Dictionary.
The genesis of writing.
Nuggets about Arabia.
Compendium of Roman History.
General history.
My Memoirs from the Arab Countries: by Suleiman Shafiq Pasha, quoted from Al-Ahram newspaper.
History and civic politics.
Geography of the Mediterranean region.
The princes of Mecca.
Search in dialects.
The effects of the island before Islam.
He donated his library, which contains 1257 titles and includes rare and precious collections of books, to the King Abdul Aziz House Library, which declared it one of the most important books gifted to it.

his illness
Fouad Hamzah had a heart disease since early in his life and before he moved to work in the Saudi government. He was subjected to heart attacks while performing his duties. A recent book published by him in 2016 attributed the causes of these heart attacks to his sincerity in work and thinking about Arab issues, and defending them in Constant and sometimes intense discussions with politicians and diplomats, in addition to the anxiety and preoccupation generated by the search for more information and news. Being an intellectual and historian, he produced a number of in-depth works.

his death
He died in Beirut, Lebanon, of heart disease in 1951 at the age of 52, and was buried in his hometown, in the village of Abey.

After Fouad Hamza's death, Philby said, "His death was a great loss for Saudi Arabia, the country that adopted him."


Achievements and Awards

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