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Awni Abd al-Hadi

Личная информация

  • Страна местожительства: Jordan
  • Пол: Male
  • Born in: 1889
  • key_age: 134
  • Резюме :


Awni Abd al-Hadi (1889 - March 15, 1970) was the first president of the Jordanian Royal Court with Prince Abdullah bin Al-Hussein. He was an Arab nationalist politician. He was born in Nablus in 1889 and died in Cairo.

He traveled to Istanbul to study there, and then to the Sorbonne University in Paris. He founded, with a number of his colleagues, the Al-Arabiya Al-Fatat Association. He was also one of the members of the committee that called for the first Arab conference, which was held in Paris, headed by Abdul Hamid Al-Zahrawi, in cooperation with the Administrative Decentralization Party in Cairo, which was led by Rafik Al-Azm.

In 1918, he met Prince Faisal bin Al-Hussein in Paris, so he stayed with him and stayed with him, especially during the period in which the prince took over the rule of Syria.

Awni Abdel-Hadi was with Prince Abdullah bin Al-Hussein when he met Winston Churchill in Jerusalem on March 24, 1921. Churchill persuaded Prince Abdullah to accept the Principality of Transjordan, provided that Britain would provide it with money and employees. Awni Abdel-Hadi was assigned to head the Amiri Court. However, he left Amman and returned to Jerusalem in late 1921. In August 1932 he participated in the founding of the Arab Independence Party, which is considered the first legitimate Palestinian party. Abd al-Hadi assisted in the process of selling the lands of Wadi al-Hawarth, which came to be called in Hebrew Wadi al-Hafar, to the Jews, which required the expulsion of the peasants residing there. Later, Abd al-Hadi intervened with the British ruler to issue a law banning the sale of lands to Jews, which prompted Khalil al-Sakakini, one of the most prominent Arab nationalists at the time, to attack him on the grounds of hypocrisy. He assumed the position of Secretary of the Arab Higher Committee in September 1936, and when the British Royal Commission recommended the partition of Palestine, the Arab Higher Committee sent Awni Abdel Hadi to Baghdad and then to Geneva to participate in explaining the Arab point of view on the partition project before the Permanent Mandate Committee of the League of Nations. He was unable to return to Palestine because he was prevented by the British authorities due to his involvement in the Great Palestinian Revolution, so he went to Cairo, and stayed there until 1943. During this period, he participated in the Round Table Conference in London in 1939.

Awni moved to Damascus and then to Amman, and in 1964 he left Amman for Cairo, where he worked as head of the legal department in the League of Arab States for several years. He died in Cairo on March 15, 1970 and was buried there.

his upbringing
He was born in the city of Nablus in the Palestinian April of the year 1882 AD, and there are those who say that his birth was in 1889. He received his primary and secondary education (intermediate) in Beirut and Nablus, and joined the Ottoman preparatory schools in Istanbul in 1905, and graduated from the Royal High School (Al-Kutub Al-Malaki). ) in Istanbul 1910, then traveled to Paris to study law at the French School (Saint-Louis), and there he founded with a group of his colleagues the Arab Association for the Girl.

The beginning of his political activity
In 1918, he attended the reconciliation conference in Paris as part of the Arab delegation, which was headed by Prince Faisal bin Al-Hussein, so Prince Faisal asked him for the position of director of the Hijazi office in Paris and private secretary to the prince, after that he returned and worked in the Faisalian Arab government in Damascus as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and after the fall of that government In 1920, he left Damascus for Cairo.

First President of the High Amiri Diwan
Awni Abd al-Hadi left Cairo, joined the service of Prince Abdullah bin Al-Hussein in Ma’an, then accompanied him to Amman, where the Emirate of Transjordan was established, and the first Jordanian government headed by Rashid Tali’ was formed, and Awni Abd al-Hadi was appointed head of the Supreme Amiri Court on 11 April 1921. He continued in this position until October 1921, when he resigned from this position, and Adil Arslan took over after him.

The Palestinian National Movement
After his resignation from this position, he returned to his hometown of Nablus to work as a lawyer in Jerusalem for a period of time. After that, he worked in the Palestinian National Movement and participated in the Islamic Conference held in Jerusalem. He was elected secretary of the Arab Executive Committee and re-formed the Palestinian Independence Party in 1932 and was elected as its president. After that, he worked to represent Palestine before a number of international committees, including:

Shaw Commission: 1929 AD
London Conference: 1930
The Islamic Conference: 1931
English Royal Commission: 1936
St. James Conference: 1939
British American Committee: 1946
He attended the Bloudan Conference 1946
He attended the National Conference in Gaza and signed the All-Palestine Government Charter in 1948
Return to Jordan
After the Nakba of Palestine, he left Palestine to reside in Damascus, and resided there during the period (1948-1951). After the unification of the two banks, Mr. Awni Abdel Hadi was summoned and appointed to the following Jordanian official positions:

Plenipotentiary and ambassador of Jordan in Cairo during the period (September 25, 1951 - November 11, 1955).
Appointed to the Fifth Jordanian Senate during the period (September 1, 1955 - May 22, 1958)
He was appointed Minister of State in Saeed Al-Mufti's fourth ministry, during the period from May 2 to June 26, 1956, when the ministry resigned.
He was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Justice in Ibrahim Hashim's fourth ministry during the period (July 1 - October 27, 1956).
Appointed a member of the Council of the Arab Union (Union of Jordan and Iraq) during the period (May 22 - July 14, 1958), when the union was dissolved due to the Iraqi coup.
After that, he was referred to retirement, and he left Amman to Cairo to work as head of the legal department in the League of Arab States, and he remained in Cairo, until his death on March 15, 1970 AD, and he was buried there.

His writings
He has written works, a book translated from Turkish into French called (Turkish Historical Destinies).



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