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Sami Al-Ghadban

Личная информация

  • Страна местожительства: Palestine
  • Пол: Male
  • Born in: 1921
  • key_age: 102
  • Резюме :


Sami Ahmed Omar Al-Ghadban, (Abu Shadi; born on September 9, 1921 in Tulkarem - died on November 1, 2005 in Tulkarem) was a Palestinian communist leader, politician, and leader. He was one of the most prominent founders of the Palestinian National Liberation League in 1944, and one of the most prominent founders of the Jordanian Communist Party in 1951. He was a leader in the Palestinian Communist Party and the Jordanian Communist Party, and he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the Palestinian National Liberation League, the Central Committee of the Jordanian Communist Party, and the Palestinian Communist Party.

his upbringing
Sami Ahmed Omar Al-Ghadban was born in the Palestinian city of Tulkarem on September 9, 1921. He was the eldest son of his father, who was a military officer with the rank of officer, a graduate of the Military College in Istanbul in the early twentieth century. After his graduation, he served his father in the Ottoman Empire.

Sami Al-Ghadban received his education in the schools of his city, Tulkarem, until the sixth grade in 1933, then he left school and learned the profession of sewing, after which he worked as a tailor.

his political life
In 1936, Sami Al-Ghadban participated in the famous strike of the Palestinians at the time, then went to Haifa to work in it, and there he met the leaders of the labor movement and the early communists, including Fouad Nassar, Emile Touma, Emile Habibi, Hanna Naqara and others. In 1942 he returned to the city of Tulkarm, established the Tulkarm Workers Union and opened a tailor shop for him.

Sami al-Ghadhban was one of the founders of the Palestinian National Liberation League in February 1944, and was elected a member of its central committee, along with Fouad Nassar, Emile Touma, and Emile Habibi. He was arrested in Atlit prison, and after his release, he returned to his activities in the Palestinian National Liberation League.

He was arrested in 1948 by the Arab Salvation Army, where he stayed in detention for about fifty days, then the Jordanian authorities arrested him in late 1949, after the beginning of the Jordanian administration’s rule in the West Bank, and placed him in Nablus prison for a period of fourteen months. After his release, they imposed house arrest on him for three months in the city of Nablus.

The Jordanian authorities arrested him again in 1950 in Nablus prison, and on May 16, 1950 he declared a hunger strike in prison with his friends, demanding his release or bringing him to justice. The Jordanian authorities punished him by transferring him to Amman prison for two months. After his release, he returned to practice the sewing profession, and participated in the founding of the Jordanian Communist Party in 1951.

He contributed to the preparations for the Nablus demonstration led by the Communists in 1951 under the slogan “We want bread.” His place in Tulkarem was a center for party leadership meetings. The Jordanian authorities arrested him in Nablus prison, and he was transported on foot from Nablus prison to Amman prison and then to Ma’an Central Prison, where he remained. A prisoner there for eight months, then the Jordanian authorities released him and put him under surveillance until 1956.

He participated in a great and remarkable activity against the Baghdad Pact in 1955, and during this period he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the Jordanian Communist Party, and in 1957 the Jordanian authorities arrested the communists and imprisoned them in the Al-Jafr desert prison, and the pursuit of Sami Al-Ghadban began by the Jordanian authorities, which lasted for more than three months. Including cordoning off his house in Tulkarem for more than three weeks while preventing the entry of anything, including food, to force him to surrender, so he was forced to leave Tulkarem to Damascus, at which point the Jordanian authorities sentenced him to fifteen years imprisonment in absentia with hard labor.

Sami al-Ghadhban continued to practice his national activities in Damascus, and his place was again transformed into a meeting place for leaders, communists, and Palestinian and Jordanian officers fleeing from the Jordanian authorities, in addition to the Syrian communists. After the declaration of unity between Egypt and Syria in 1958, the Egyptian and Syrian intelligence services began to pursue and liquidate the communists, so Sami al-Ghadhban was arrested in Mezze prison in Damascus for about four months. Moving to Lebanon, he rented a house and shop there in the building of his friend, Lebanese Prime Minister Saeb Salam.

In Lebanon, the Jordanian intelligence began searching for Sami al-Ghadban, then Jordan submitted a request to the Lebanese authorities to extradite Sami, so the Lebanese authorities arrested him in late 1962 for the purpose of handing him over to the Jordanian authorities, so the Lebanese Communist Party, accompanied by Saeb Salam and Kamal Jumblatt, intervened to prevent his extradition to the Jordanian intelligence, so the Lebanese authorities released him on the condition that he leave From Lebanon. The leadership of the Jordanian Communist Party suggested to Sami Al-Ghadban to leave Lebanon for Kuwait or Czechoslovakia. During the negotiations, the unity between Syria and Egypt broke up. Al-Ghadban and his family returned to Damascus after 1962, and once again opened a sewing shop in the Salihiya neighborhood in Damascus.

In 1963, al-Ghadban decided to return to the city of Tulkarem and confront the Jordanian intelligence. He told his party comrades about his decision, saying that he “desires his children to be raised in their homeland.” He also told them that he “would not resort, as they suggested to him, to Moscow, Kuwait, or Prague.” Upon his arrival at the Syrian-Jordanian border, the Syrian authorities allowed him to leave, while the Jordanian authorities arrested him and transferred him to Amman, and after about a month, the Jordanian intelligence released him after dropping the sentence against him, so he arrived in Tulkarem, and in 1963 Sami reopened his shop located in the street leading to the Khadouri Institute in the center City.

After the Naksa War occurred in 1967 and after the end of the war, the military governor of Tulkarm summoned Sami al-Ghadban to the headquarters of the military government in the Muqata’a building, but al-Ghadban refused his request. Ghadban's house during the Naksa War. In 1976, Sami Al-Ghadban supported the Palestinian National Front for Elections, led by Helmy Hanoun. Al-Ghadban continued his national activities until his death.

In 2003, Sami fought with the residents of Khirbet Jbara a legal battle against the Israeli wall that isolated the Khirbet from its surroundings, and he succeeded in that after the Israeli Supreme Court issued a decision requiring the removal of the wall from the Khirbet.

his personal life
In 1948, Sami Al-Ghadban married Hind Zaki Al-Karmi, and he had ten sons and daughters: Shadi, Bilal, Khaled, Fahd, Ghossoub, Shadia, Salam, Rajaa, Amal, and Hunaida.

his death
Sami Al-Ghadban died in the city of Tulkarem on November 1, 2005, at the age of 84, and his body was shared the next day, corresponding to November 2, 2005, in a huge funeral in which thousands from all Palestinian regions participated. He was buried in the garden of his house in the city, where he bequeathed.

On June 10, 2015, his wife, Hind Al-Karmi, died at the age of 83, and was buried next to him, as she also bequeathed.


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