Success stories of Palestinian achievers from all over the world

Haider Abdel-Shafi

Личная информация

  • Страна местожительства: Palestine
  • Пол: Male
  • Born in: 1919
  • key_age: 104
  • Резюме :


Haidar Muhyiddin Darwish Abd al-Shafi (June 10, 1919 - September 24, 2007), Palestinian physician and politician; He headed the Palestinian negotiating delegation at the Madrid Peace Conference. Be convinced that Israel does not want peace.

his life
He was born and lived in the Gaza Strip and received his primary education there. Then he was sent to the Arab College in Jerusalem to pursue his secondary studies. After graduating from it in 1936, he went to Lebanon and joined the American University in Beirut, where he studied medicine and surgery. During his studies at the university, he got acquainted with the movement of Arab nationalists, in which he saw the light, and joined its ranks for some time. He graduated as a doctor in 1943, and then went to work in the city of Jaffa, where he was employed in the municipal hospital of the British Mandate Authority, and spent the years of World War II in several places inside Palestine and Transjordan. After the end of the war, he left the army and opened a private clinic for himself in the Gaza Strip and participated in the establishment of the Palestinian Medical Association in 1945. He left for the United States and specialized in general surgery in a major hospital in Dayton, Ohio, and in 1954 he returned to the Gaza Strip and had been placed under Egyptian administration. . He worked as a surgeon at Tal al-Zuhur Hospital of the Egyptian administration. During the tripartite aggression against Egypt in 1956, Israel occupied the Strip and installed a municipal council in Gaza City to manage its affairs and chose it among its members, but refused to participate in it.

In 1960 he returned to his private medical practice. But he was chosen in 1962 as head of the legislative authority for the sector until 1964, when he participated in the first Palestinian national conference held that year in Jerusalem, the conference in which the Palestine Liberation Organization was established under the presidency of Ahmed Al-Shugairi.

Between 1964 and 1965 he served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Liberation Organization, and since then, thanks to his national medical and political activities, he has strengthened his popular positions in his political stronghold and his hometown of Gaza, and by 1966 he became the most prominent leader in the Strip.

After Israel occupied Gaza for the second time in 1967, he worked as a volunteer doctor at Al-Shifa Hospital in the Strip, and was arrested by the Israeli authorities for some time on charges of supporting the policies of Ahmed Al-Shugairi, the leader and founder of the Palestine Liberation Organization. After his release, he continued to defy the Israeli authorities, refusing any form of cooperation with them, so they exiled him, on direct orders from Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, to Nakhl (Sinai) in the middle of the Sinai Peninsula for three months, and then to Lebanon on September 12, 1970 with five national leaders. This was in response to the PFLP's hijacking of 3 civilian planes, which were later blown up in the Jordanian desert.

In 1972, he founded and managed the Palestine Red Crescent Society in the Gaza Strip, making it a theater for medical aid and social and cultural activities. He participated in the joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation to the Madrid Peace Conference, which was held in 1991, after which he was entrusted with the task of heading the Palestinian negotiating delegation in the Washington talks for a period of 22 months during 1992 and 1993 until he resigned from the delegation in April 1993 due to the continuing dispute over the Israeli settlement complex. Which refused to settle does not provide for their removal. After his appeal and acceptance to return to the negotiating table, he resigned and withdrew again the following month.

He was elected a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council after the Palestinian general elections in 1996, when he obtained 58,229 votes in the Gaza Governorate district, representing the National Democratic Coalition. He was chosen to head the political committee in the council. On March 30, 1998, he withdrew from the Council on the grounds that it was impossible for the Council, given its limited powers, to bring about any change for the better in the situation of the Palestinians. He called for more democracy within the Palestinian National Authority and the establishment of a national unity leadership that brings together all factions and currents under its banner. He supported the second Palestinian Intifada, considering it a natural, automatic rejection of ten years of sterile negotiations with Israel, and that it exploited all opportunities in de facto situations on the ground. He also questioned the credibility of the US-backed road map.

Founded with Dr. Mustafa Al-Barghouti, Professor Ibrahim Al-Daqqaq, and the late Dr. Edward Said and five hundred Palestinian personalities, the Palestinian National Initiative Movement in 2002, during which he assumed the mission of its Secretary-General. It is a social and political movement that believes that national unity is the safety valve protecting the struggle of the Palestinian people and their legitimate rights in a just solution.

On January 15, 2004, Palestinian President Yasser Arafat appointed him as head of the Committee for the Care of Cemeteries in the Gaza Strip Governorates.

On August 28, 2006, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas appointed him as a member of the committee charged with running the Gaza municipality.

his death
Haider Abdel Shafi passed away on September 24, 2007 at the age of 88. He died leaving behind his wife, four of his children, and seven of his grandchildren. His funeral was held, and the two opponents participated in it, walking side by side with supporters of Fatah and supporters of Hamas.

Достижения и награды

Medals and honors
On April 8, 2007, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas awarded him the Palestinian Medal of Honor; “In appreciation of his great role and distinguished giving in serving our Palestinian people, to obtain their just national rights, and his role in the struggle through the positions he occupied.”

On November 7, 2007, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas decided to name the Faculty of Dentistry at Al-Azhar University in Gaza after the Faculty of Dr. Haider Abdel Shafi Dental Clinic.


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